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Health

Make time for teeth…

By | children's health, Health | No Comments
by Lisa Costigan
Rottingdean Dental Care

Lisa Costigan from Rottingdean Dental Care has practiced locally for 27 years. During this time she has dealt with many dental injuries and is very keen that all parents should know what to do if their child damages a tooth.

 

What should I do if my child damages a primary (baby) tooth?
You don’t have to do anything yourself to the tooth. However it is important that you visit your dentist as soon as possible. NEVER put back a knocked out primary (baby) tooth as you could damage the permanent tooth below.

Why is important that I visit the dentist straight away?
Your dentist will want to assess the injury and monitor the tooth. If it has become very loose they may want to remove it as there could be an airway risk. If it has been mildly displaced from the socket they may be able to reposition it. Sometimes if the movement is very slight the tooth will reposition spontaneously.

How can I care for the injured tooth at home?
Avoid giving hard food for two to four weeks and if possible avoid use of a pacifier or nursing bottle. Remember to keep brushing the tooth as it is important to keep it clean. Look out for any changes around the injured tooth. Colour change is a common sign of primary (baby) tooth trauma and may range from yellow to grey to black. Always return to your dentist with any concerns.

Can an injury to a primary (baby) tooth damage the unerupted permanent tooth?
During the first years of life the primary (baby) teeth are very closely related to the permanent teeth which are forming inside the bone. When injury occurs in the primary teeth in this period it can affect the appearance of the permanent teeth, which could erupt with white or brown marks or a deformation in the crown. It may also disturb the eruption time of the permanent tooth.

What should I do if a permanent tooth is broken or knocked out?
• Find the tooth. Hold the tooth by the crown (the white part), not by the root (the yellow part).
• Re-implant immediately if possible.
• If contaminated rinse briefly with cold tap water (do not scrub) and put the tooth back in place. This can be done by the child or an adult.
• Hold the tooth in place. Bite on a handkerchief to hold it in position and go to the dentist immediately.
• If you cannot put the tooth back in, place in a cup of milk or saline. When milk or saline or not available, place the tooth in the child’s mouth (between the cheeks and gums).
• Seek immediate dental treatment as your dentist will need to take an x-ray and place a splint on the adjacent teeth. Follow up treatment will depend on the stage of root development of the tooth.

Lisa advises that due to the frequency of the tooth injuries all parents should download the Dental Trauma First Aid App which is endorsed by IAPT (International Association of Dental Traumatology).

Rottingdean Dental Care was opened in 1982. It became the first practice in Sussex to hold both national quality standards BDA Good Practice and Investors in People.
Email: info@rottingdeandental.co.uk

 

Attachment – what is it?

By | Health | No Comments

Attachment

what is it and why does it matter?


Research from Harvard University tells us that, in the first few years of life, babies’ brains are making one million connections per second – that’s 60 million per minute! The more something happens in a baby’s life, the stronger the connections between particular brain cells become.

The same process applies to learning to wave, clap hands, walk and talk. More surprisingly maybe, it also applies to the development of relationships and complex emotional processes like empathy, trust and identity; who we are and what we believe about ourselves and others.

Attachment is the process that ensures that human babies stay alive. That’s why attachment matters! It’s a cycle that has only been studied scientifically since the 1960s and finds that babies are born with a set of behaviours designed to keep adults (parents) close to them to give the best chance of survival. In its simplest form the cycle, working well, goes something like this…
• Baby has a need and cries.
• Parent comes close because of loving feelings for baby (and wanting crying to stop!). There is stress for both of them – sometimes lots!
• Parent works out what baby needs and offers it.
• Baby feels relieved and content, parent feels relieved and content. Stress is less!
• Happy baby, happy parent enjoying each other until… baby cries, parent comes close… you get the picture.

So baby leads, parent follows and connections in the brain strengthen. Good news for parents is that things don’t have to go perfectly. For a baby to develop what is known as a secure attachment, things have to be ‘good enough, enough of the time’. In fact, research tells us that mistakes are important in the development of a secure attachment. They’re important because they offer the opportunity to put things right. The most securely attached, resilient adults are not always those from families where things were idyllic and nothing went wrong. Secure, resilient adults are grown in families where, when things do go wrong, parents take the lead in putting them right and repairing the relationship. Keeping a close emotional connection to your baby or child (or partner), particularly when things go wrong, is one of the most important features of attachment focused parenting.

The millions of connections in the brain make pathways and these pathways make a kind of ‘inner world’ map for each of us that influences future relationships, learning, trust and resilience (how easy it is to ‘bounce back’ after a shock or trauma in later life).

In children with a secure attachment style their map, born of the consistent response and repair cycle of their parents, tells them:
• I’m okay, people like me, I’m worth it!
• You’re okay, I trust you,
let’s play!
• The world is okay, I can explore and come back safe in the knowledge that my parent will be waiting for me to welcome me back!

For some parents getting to ‘good enough, enough of the time’ can be a challenge. Parents’ own vulnerabilities, traumatic experiences or learning difficulties can be factors. In other families the baby’s particular temperament, illness or disability can mean it’s hard to work out and follow the baby’s lead in a reliable and consistent way that the baby experiences as ‘tuned in’ to his/her needs. In these circumstances, because babies are born with the drive to survive they find a way to keep their parent close enough to ensure that they will stay alive – both physically and in the parent’s mind which creates emotional safety. So, baby still leads and if the parent finds it hard to follow, baby finds another path that matches the parent’s response style.

Because physical survival comes first, emotional, social and educational development can be affected and children’s behaviour and sense of themselves and the world is less secure than in the example above. Some children will work so hard to keep parents close that it feels overwhelming and there might be a worry about behavioural difficulties. Others learn that their best bet in keeping parents close is to put on a happy face and get on with it but they might seem withdrawn or too independent for their age to other adults. Self-esteem can be fragile and learning affected.

If you’re worried that any of these patterns might be happening in your family, specialist advice and support are available. Awareness is also growing in general health and education settings.

The really important news is that nothing is set in stone. Our brains are amazing and both parents’ and children’s attachment patterns can be changed over time with specialist psychological or therapeutic support and a focus on responding to the right need at the right time.

None of us are perfect but with someone holding our hand we can get to ‘good enough, enough of the time’.

Dr Kathryn Whyte is a Clinical Psychologist working with children and families and Chichester Team Lead at Beacon House Therapeutic Services – an attachment focused, specialist mental health and occupational therapy service working with children, teens and adults.
We’d love to hear from you in
Chichester 01243 219 909,
in Cuckfield 01444 413 939
or admin@beaconhouse.org.uk
www.beaconhouse.org.uk

Cognitive Behavioral Hypnotherapy?

By | Education, Health, Uncategorized | No Comments

What is Cognitive Behavioral Hypnotherapy

and what can it do for me?

by Ian Mackenzie (Dip.CBH, Cert Hyp, GQHP)
Alliance Therapies

Cognitive Behavioral Hypnotherapy is primarily a talking therapy that incorporates a variety of proven techniques and procedures including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness, neuro linguistic programming (NLP), hypnosis, mental imagery and visualization work. Having a variety of approaches allows the CBH therapist tremendous flexibility when providing treatment. We are not all the same, so it makes sense that we will respond differently to certain treatments so having a number of options can greatly enhance the likelihood of achieving a successful outcome to therapy. All treatments are proven to be both safe and very effective in reducing or eliminating many of the issues that we experience in today’s busy society, for example.

Stress: Stress is becoming more and more prominent in today’s society – why? Because in the busy world we live in we are constantly bombarded with activities and information, time restraints, work, money, family pressures and more; all of which can cause stress. Sometimes our brains and bodies need a break in order to relax and recalibrate; mindfulness and relaxation techniques are wonderful at doing just that. Reducing stress levels is very important as it can often be stress that is the root cause of many other problems.

Insomnia: Around a third of all people experience insomnia at some time or other and its effects can vary from mildly irritating to devastating. In serious or longer term cases, many turn to medication for help and whilst sleeping tablets may work for a little while, they become less effective over time and can become addictive.Quite often, if you are stressed or worried about something then your sleep will be the first to suffer and if allowed to continue, poor sleeping habits can develop. Most long-term poor sleepers have, over time, developed poor sleeping habits and it is these habits that need to be changed if one is to create a lasting solution.

Anxiety: Public speaking, sports or performance anxieties, fears and phobias; these are just a few of the issues that can lead to worry, rumination, panic or avoidance (fight or flight).From general to acute issues, the majority of these problems are caused by a perceived lack of confidence or ability. CBH specifically targets these areas, challenging your fears and boosting your self-confidence to allow you to achieve (within reason) whatever you desire.

Weight control: Many people know the misery of being on and off diets on a regular basis; yo-yoing between trying the latest fad diet and maybe losing a bit of weight, only to see it pile on again as soon as they return to their old eating habits. CBH addresses the root cause of the problem which is why the person is under or overeating in the first place. It is only when we understand the answer to that question that we can progress to address those eating habits and bring about lasting, sustainable change.

Smoking cessation: Everyone knows that smoking is expensive and not exactly good for your health, and about 79% of all adult smokers would like to quit if they could (Gallup poll). Of course you have to be motivated to stop smoking and the CBH approach incorporates different elements to boost that motivation, to question and then eliminate your desire to smoke, because you can only have a craving for something if you have a desire to do it. If you remove the desire, you take away the craving allowing you to stop completely, easily and forever. Hypnotherapy has been proved to be the most effective treatment available (New Scientist Magazine (Vol 136); in fact you are about six times more likely to stop smoking using hypnotherapy than by willpower alone.

If you think you could benefit from CBH why not give Alliance Therapies a call and arrange
your free initial consultation?
Contact Ian Mackenzie on 01273 840382 or email info@alliancetherapies.co.uk

All about baby massage

By | baby health, Health, Uncategorized | No Comments

Written by Charlotte Morgan www.sweetpeasbaby.co.uk

When discussing the benefits of baby massage, digestive issues and colic are usually the first to arise. It is true, baby massage is fantastic for aiding the digestive system and soothing colicky babies, but there are so many more benefits and it is important that they are not overlooked.

Bonding
The bond between parent and child is the strongest in nature and acts as a lifelong template, moulding and shaping your child to ensure they build successful relationships in the future. While it is a very special and unconditional love, bonding is not always immediate and it is completely normal for it to take days, weeks or even months to nurture this special relationship.

Early positive interaction and touch are incredibly important for babies. Touch is their most developed sense at birth and through massage you can communicate love, security and trust to your baby immediately. During massage, parents use positive touch, eye contact, talking/singing and exchange of smells to help to develop their unique attachment and build a loving relationship.

Massaging your baby provides a period of mutual pleasure and focused one-to-one time for both parent and baby to enjoy which enables your baby to feel comfortable and trusting.

This focused time also gives parents the opportunity to observe their baby so they can start to recognise the subtle, non-verbal language they use, and develop their ability to listen to their baby. When parents can understand these cues, and respond to their needs in a positive way, their confidence will start to grow, which can feel very empowering.

Relaxation
When you massage your baby your body releases ‘feel good’ hormones which help you both to relax. Gentle massage is very calming and can help to reduce tension, restlessness and irritability, as well as promoting sleep – enabling babies to fall asleep faster, longer and more deeply.

When a baby is upset or tense, their sympathetic nervous system is activated, which releases stress hormones like adrenaline as a baby prepares for fight or flight. When massaging, cuddling or holding your baby you activate their parasympathetic system, which works against the sympathetic nervous system to restore relaxation by releasing restful hormones like oxytocin and endorphins.

As parents learn massage techniques it increases their ability to help relax their baby in times of stress or distress. Oxytocin has the power to soothe, relax and calm your baby, and even makes you feel more chemically attracted to them.

Development
Baby massage stimulates and supports your baby’s physical, emotional and social development in several ways.

By boosting circulation, you will stimulate all the systems within their body, ensuring the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to cells, tissues, fibres and organs, helping them to work more efficiently and strengthening muscles and bones.

The immune system is also strengthened by increased stimulation of the lymphatic system, which is responsible for fighting off infection and disease. Babies who are massaged regularly show more weight gain as they have better immune systems and are less likely to be sick.

When babies are born they have no control, co-ordination, emotional thought or awareness of their body. Because their skin is covered in nerve endings, every time they are massaged we are sending messages to their brain to help them understand where their limbs are and how to control them, therefore developing co-ordination, movement and body awareness.

Through stimulation of the skin, the process of myelination is also sped up, enhancing neurological and motor development. Tactile stimulation also improves sensory awareness through touch, eye contact, smell and sound, helping to teach babies about communication, speech and language.

Relief
As mentioned above, relief from the discomfort of digestive pain is the most commonly known benefit of baby massage, and massaging the liver and abdomen increases bowel movement by aiding the digestion and excretion of waste. However, massage can also be used for the relief of discomfort associated with teething, colds, congestion and dry skin.

By using special massage techniques around the eyes, cheeks, nose and chest, the pain associated with teething, colds and congestion can all be relieved, and by using nutritious oils during massage the condition of the skin can be improved as you remove dead skin cells, stimulate the sebaceous glands, open pores and lubricate the skin. Stimulation of the skin through massage also increases the production of endorphins which helps to reduce pain and tension.

The benefits of baby massage are so varied and it is a very natural, relaxing and enjoyable way to spend one-to-one time with your baby. Once the techniques have been learnt massage is a fantastic way to connect with your baby at any point in the day, as well as offering relief when needed and encouraging development. I would urge anyone to give it a try!

Charlotte Morgan is the founder of Sweet Pea’s Baby Massage,
a local company who teach baby massage as weekly, one-to-one
or groups at home classes.
Please visit www.sweetpeasbaby.co.uk
for more information or to book online today.

 

 

Summer safety

By | baby health, children's health, Health, Uncategorized | No Comments

Water fascinates young children and it can be a source of great fun and exercise but sadly each year we hear of children drowning at home and abroad.

Even the most caring of parents can become distracted and it only takes three minutes to drown face-down in water, so even if your children are only playing in a paddling pool or if you have a garden with a pond, always supervise them, and if you need to nip inside to answer the door or go to the toilet, take them with you.

The opportunity to swim in the sea or pool is one of the highlights of going on holiday with children, but before you go do check whether the pool has a lifeguard and once there make sure you understand local water safety signs. If you are going to the beach, it is worthwhile asking the hotel reception or tourist information officer which beach offers the safest place to swim. When you first get to a new pool, take a few minutes to check which end is the deep end and to find out if it has a life guard or pool attendant, as their duties differ.

Although children need constant supervision near water, they will be safer if they can swim and know how to get themselves out of difficulty, so book your child into swimming lessons as soon as you can.

The other danger in the summer comes from the sun. Exposing your child to too much sun may increase their risk of skin cancer later in life and in the short term sunburn can cause considerable pain and discomfort.

Tips to keep you child safe in the sun
• Encourage your child to play in the shade – for example, under trees – especially between 11am and 3pm, when the sun is at its strongest.
• Keep babies under the age of six months out of direct sunlight, especially around midday.
• Cover exposed parts of your child’s skin with sunscreen, even on cloudy or overcast days. Use one that has a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or above and is effective against UVA and UVB. Don’t forget to apply it to their shoulders, nose, ears, cheeks, and the tops of their feet. Reapply often throughout the day.
• Be especially careful to protect your child’s shoulders and the back of their neck when they’re playing, as these are the most common areas for sunburn.
• Cover your child up in loose cotton clothes, such as an oversized T-shirt with sleeves.
• Get your child to wear a floppy hat with a wide brim that shades their face and neck.
• Protect your child’s eyes with sunglasses that meet the British Standard (BSEN 1836:2005) and carry the ‘CE’ mark – check the label.
• If your child is swimming,
use a waterproof sunblock of factor 15 or above. Reapply
after towelling.

Information taken from www.nhs.uk